[5], He has criticized the presumption of atheism, (i.e. He states that early Christians undermined slavery indirectly, rejecting many common Greco-Roman assumptions about it and acknowledging the intrinsic, equal worth of slaves. Fourth, it is important to distinguish between the confident ground of our knowledge of God and the highly probable public case for the Christian faith. Board of Contributors, Christian Research Journal, 2006–present. The Most Popular Porn Site Has Biggest Scandal to Date. There are huge organizations who will disagree with me on that statement, an… He is currently a professor at the Palm Beach Atlantic University and holds the endowed Pledger Family Chair of Philosophy and Ethics. Affiliate disclosure: As an Amazon Associate, we may earn commissions from qualifying purchases on Amazon.com. If indeed we had done no previous thinking, nothing would motivate us to seek further information. Their position as master meant responsibility and service, not oppression and privilege. Paul Copan is a Christian philosopher, apologist, and author. Someone has said, "A person who believes in total depravity can't be all that bad!" Help TGC continue producing free, gospel-centered resources that apply timeless truths to timely issues. We also hope to provide resources to not only firm up your grasp of the debates, but also to put apologetics into practice in preaching and evangelism. Passionate Conviction: Modern Discourses on Christian Apologetics - Paul Copan - 洋書の購入は楽天ブックスで。全品送料無料!購入毎に「楽天ポイント」が貯まってお得!みんなのレビュー・感想も満載。 Making Sense of the Old Testament God.Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books. Joseph Partain taught at Covenant College from 2002-2008 and is now working as an adjunct for the philosophy department at Belmont University in Nashville, TN. Copyright © 2021 The Gospel Coalition, INC. All Rights Reserved. [Note: For a broader critique of Frame’s starting points, see Harold A. Netland, “Apologetics, Worldviews, and the Problem of Neutral Criteria,” Trinity Journal 12/1 (Spring 1991): 39-58.]. Copan argues that if the New Testament authors had been too explicit about overthrowing Rome's slavery system, it would have done the gospel a disservice. And so, from the very beginning of church history, Christians have publicly and privately labored to show the reasonableness of our faith against the objections of skeptics. This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 14:55. Paul Copan's Questioning of Presuppositionalism - Duration: 17:42. Presuppositionalism and Induction: Exhuming Hume When apologists raise the problem of induction in their encounters with non-Christians, they apparently expect non-Christians to be freshly familiar with both David Hume and also his argument undermining the reliability of induction. Having warrant for belief (by the Spirit) is not the same as showing my belief is warranted (using evidence and reason). He has co-edited three books on the historical Jesus and coedited (with Paul K. Moser) a textbook on the philosophy of religion, "The Rationality of Theism" (Routledge). Masters who killed their servants were put to death.[13]. (1988), Ph.D. (2000). Now, a process of inquiry often corrects ideas we held previously. Paul Copan (/koʊpæn/, born September 26, 1962) is a Christian theologian, analytic philosopher, apologist, and author. Greg Boyd’s Misunderstandings of the ‘Warrior God’. If a servant was harmed, for example, by having a tooth or eye knocked out, the servant received freedom immediately. Copan is also a critic of presuppositionalism, arguing that Christians can use common ground to engage non-Christians in debate. (p 35). the notion that atheism should be one's default position when evaluating arguments over the existence of God). Paul Copan is a Christian theologian, analytic philosopher, apologist, and author. The Gospel Coalition is running a series on apologetics, and today’s entry was by Paul Copan, entitled “Questioning Presuppositionalism”. He argues that they fit into the literary genre of the time. Others like Gordon Clark, Greg Bahnsen, and John Frame have generally followed Van Til’s methodology—-although in variegated fashion (which makes a brief assessment of presuppositionalism difficult). [8], Copan also believes that belief in God is generally not a psychological crutch, claiming that the argument that Christianity is wish fulfillment itself falls victim to a number of fallacies. Copan states that God did not allow physical abuse of servants. Someone has said, “A person who believes in total depravity can’t be all that bad!” Yet in some Reformed circles, the doctrine of total depravity seems to leave no trace of the imago Dei. No one, of course, embarks on an investigation with an empty mind. Please make sure all fields are filled out. --Tremper Longman III, Robert H. Gundry Professor of Biblical Studies, Westmont College "Copan takes on current New Atheist : Coming to Terms with the Justice of God, The Gospel in the Marketplace of Ideas: Paul’s Mars Hill Experience for Our Pluralistic World. Paul Copan is professor and Pledger Family Chair of philosophy and ethics at Palm Beach Atlantic University in West Palm Beach, Florida. Given the spiritual equality of slave and free, slaves even took on leadership positions in churches. Though it gives us important insights, it falls short at a number of points as a viable apologetical methodology. Copan concludes that the New Testament took a more subversive strategy, by opposing oppression, slave trade, and treating humans as cargo — which eventually led to a slavery-free Europe a few centuries later. Introduction Paul Copan's Is God a Moral Monster? Presuppositionalism Many people have maybe heard of what is called presuppositional apologetics but have little idea what it actually is. Copan states that Joshua uses ancient conventional warfare rhetoric. Bjuge Award for a thesis that “evidences creative scholarship in the field of Biblical and Systematic Theology.”, In May 2000, Copan received his Ph.D. in philosophy of religion from Marquette University in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. This stereotypical ancient Near East language of “all” people describes attacks on what turn out to be military forts or garrisons containing combatants — not a general population that includes women and children. He gives the example of a woman who, hyperbolically, threatens to shoot her husband if he were ever unfaithful. Copan uses James 3:9 to argue that the New Testament presupposes a fundamental equality because all humans are created in God’s image. This was a much higher percent than Israel had in the Old Testament, but this was due to Rome’s policies and laws. 256 pp. I would also disagree with presuppositionalism at certain points. Paul Copan Paul Copan (Ph.D., Marquette University) is Pledger Family Chair of Philosophy and Ethics Palm Beach Atlantic University, Florida. He recently wrote an article, “Ten Problems with Presuppositionalism,” to which he graciously invited John Frame’s response. Copan holds the prestigious Pledger Family Chair of Philosophy and Ethics at Palm Beach Atlantic University . Copan started his career on the pastoral staff of First Presbyterian Church in Schenectady, NY. He states "Consider how you would react if a neighbor tried to seduce your daughter or give your children drugs. [4] He was Adjunct Associate Professor of Theology and Philosophy at Bethel Seminary. Update #2 (09/09/2016): To their credit, on March 12, 2012 The Gospel Coalition posted an article by Paul Copan, which thoughtfully highlights certain problems with presuppositionalism (such as its question-begging nature, its denial of a common ground or public case for the truth between believers and unbelievers, etc. He notes that comforting father figure, while unique to the biblical faith, is not at the heart of the other world religions. 19 talking about this. [6] Copan cites atheists such as Baggini and Flew in arguing that atheism is not a mere lack of belief but a rejection of belief in God or gods. At first glance, it appears that Joshua captured all the land, defeated all the kings, and destroyed all the Canaanites. What struck me, while reading his take on the subject, was how superficial and inaccurate it was. Furthermore, why the Christian God and not the God of the Qur’an as the ground for rational thought? These are all part of the holistic witness to the reality of God and the gospel, all of which the Spirit of God can use to lead unbelievers to embracing Jesus Christ. He was born in Cleveland, Ohio and then moved to Connecticut as a teenager. These are three areas that I hope to explore in future entries here on Incinerating Presuppositionalism, to see if any of these planks can hold up under the weight of rational investigation. First, it engages in question-begging—-assuming what one wants to prove. These then are my concerns with presuppositionalism. Is God a Moral Monster? Since there is no presupposition-free zone, one can legitimately “presuppose” the Christian faith to make sense of reality and engage with alternative worldviews. He was Adjunct Associate Professor of Philosophy at Georgia Perimter College. Ultimately, Copan argues, presuppositionalism confuses private knowledge of God with public proclamation and argument for God. 1 Theism is the belief that God exists and is involved in the world. In any factual inquiry, it is important to distinguish between the ideas we have prior to the inquiry and those we gain in the course of the inquiry. Paul Copan helps us truly understand the world of the Old Testament and how it relates to us today." [16], Society of Biblical Literature (and American Academy of Religion), Salvo Magazine: Board of Editorial Advisors, Global Scholars: Member, Board of Advisors, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paul_Copan&oldid=996424715, Pages using infobox philosopher with unknown parameters, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, BA (1984), MA (1987), M.Div. Copan argues that the imprecatory Psalms should be read in the same way. One can have epistemic certainty of God's existence from private experience and still appeal to public evidence to persuade others of that fact. Copan on presuppositionalism Olson's slapdash theodicy Olson's arbitrary God Pope Gregory Ancient Near East readers knew this was massive hyperbole and not literally true. [14], Copan defends the Old Testament imprecatory psalms, which are psalms that call down curses and divine judgments against Israel's enemies. He argues that presuppositionalism begs the question. Van Tillian presuppositionalism relies on the notion that you either hold to a world view, interpretative system, or you do not. The Scriptures affirm otherwise (Gen. 9:6), and God can and does speak to unbelievers through reason, beauty, moral failure, and the existence of evil. So when the Bible comments on an issue that is contraryto the view you currently hold, there are only two options–(1) obedience and conformity or (2) rebellion and willful ignorance. : An Interview with Drs. The Gospel Coalition welcomes apologists and pastors who will define, critique, and defend particular methods commonly used among Christians. Cornelius Van Til, called the “fountainhead of presuppositionalism,” argued that one must begin with biblical revelation; otherwise, “logic” and “evidence” will become distorted to accommodate the suppression of truth in unrighteousness. As a cloud of apologetical witnesses can testify, God has used philosophical arguments for his existence, scientific supports for the universe’s beginning (Big Bang) and its fine-tuning, and historical evidences for the resurrection of Jesus to assist people in embracing Christ—-just as God uses the preaching of the gospel (Romans 1:16) or the loving character of a Christian community (John 13:35). Currently, Copan is the Pledger Family Chair of Philosophy and Ethics/Professor, Philosophy and Ethics at Palm Beach Atlantic University in West Palm Beach, FL, where he received the Mentor of the Year award. Presuppositional apologetics may be understood in the light of a distinction common in epistemology, or theory of knowledge. ). بول كوبان (و لد في 26 سبتمبر 1962) هو لاهوتي مسيحي، وعالم فلسفة تحليلية، ومدافع، ومؤلف.وهو حالي ا بروفيسور في جامعة بالم بيتش أتلانتيك ويشغل منصب رئيس أسرة بليدجر للموهوبين في الفلسفة والأخلاقيات. We need to hear the voices of men and women who are in unequal marriages and know to their sorrow why it is not merely a disobedient choice, but an unwise one. One point to keep in mind. He served with Ravi Zacharias International Ministries and was Adjunct Associate Professor at Trinity International University (Deerfield, Illinois). The only natural default position is agnosticism. He also argues that the position of the scientific naturalist is self-refuting because scientism itself cannot be scientifically verified. A Christian presuppositionalist presupposes God’s existence and argues from that perspective to show the validity of Christian theism. It’s important to be open to “Truth”. Paul Copan offers you clear, concise, and thoughtful answers to these critical remarks in this revised and expanded edition of “True for You, But Not for Me.” He shows you how with “patience, practice, prayer, and God’s grace,” you can gently respond in ways that move into more meaningful conversations with those who object to your faith. He says that we should compare Hebrew debt-servanthood (many translations render this “slavery”) more fairly to apprentice-like positions to pay off debts. Copan argues that this position is an arbitrary philosophical (rather than scientific) pronouncement. --Tremper Longman III, Robert H. Gundry Professor of Biblical Studies, Westmont College "Copan takes on current New Atheist Such reasoning would get you an “F” in any logic class worthy of the name! [1], Paul Copan's father, Valery Copan, is of Ukrainian origin, and his mother, Valtraut (Kirsch) Copan, was born in Riga, Latvia. : Coming to Terms with the Justice of God (with Matt Flannagan), and The Gospel in the Marketplace of Ideas: Paul’s Mars Hill Experience for Our Pluralistic World (with Kenneth Litwak). During the first century, 85 to 90 percent of Rome’s population consisted of slaves in both lowly and prestigious positions. In When God Goes to Starbucks , he offers readers solid and caring Christian responses to these and many other concerns that are being discussed in Starbucks, shopping malls, youth groups, and schools. Don’t Outsource It. [10], Copan is known for his defense of the ethics of the Old Testament, particularly divine command morality.[11]. By God’s grace, however, he moved from the conclusion of “a merely philosophical theology to a religious belief in a God that has revealed himself as a loving, just and merciful Creator of the cosmos, a God to be loved, worshiped and prayed to.”. : Making Sense of the Old Testament God, Did God Really Command Genocide? Truth, in this sense, is Biblical Truth. 2:20), yet this does not exclude the Spirit’s using highly probable or plausible public evidences for God’s existence or for the resurrection of Jesus. Rome would have quashed any such flagrant opposition with speedy, lethal force. He is a Professor of Philosophy and Ethics and holds the endowed Pledger Family Chair of Philosophy and ethics at Palm Beach Atlantic University (1). The Gospel Coalition supports the church by providing resources that are trusted and timely, winsome and wise, and centered on the gospel of Jesus Christ. In his debate with Henry, Hackett said that without some set of “neutral criteria” that are logically prior to consent or commitment to a particular worldview, “there is no way to show that one worldview perspective is more plausible than another” since both parties are “starting from totally different assumptions.” Indeed, the statements of Scripture themselves presuppose the validity of logical laws of non-contradiction and excluded middle; they also appeal to criteria beyond Scripture—-the court of appeals of historical evidence for Jesus’ resurrection (1 Cor. Insanely Normal Times: Why TGC Will Read Through the Bible Again in 2021, Don’t Take It from Me: Reasons You Should Not Marry an Unbeliever, Christian Nationalism vs. Christian Patriotism, 9 Things You Should Know About Vice President-Elect Kamala Harris, How Postmodern Pseudo-Prophecy Dishonors God. He claims that the image of God was not completely destroyed in the fall, meaning that non-Christians can respond to general revelation, arguments from cosmology and history, as well as personal testimony and living a godly life. He argues that the books of Joshua and Judges are literarily connected, and therefore need to be read in light of one another. Second, Christians share common ground with unbelievers, who are likewise made in God’s image, which is not erased by the fall. [7], He suggests that scientific naturalists will argue that all claims of knowledge have to be scientifically verifiable; otherwise, they are meaningless. 4:6-7; 1 Jn. For six years he served as the president of the Evangelical Philosophical Society. The Bible calls Christians to always be prepared to give an answer to those who ask for the reason of the hope within us (1 Peter 3:15). Freud himself admitted to Oskar Pfister that psychoanalysis of religion has no clinical evidence, and are merely Freud's personal views. He is currently a professor at the Palm Beach Atlantic University and holds the endowed Pledger Family Chair of Philosophy and Ethics. But it is a… Copan also compares these psalms to the emotional rants of Jeremiah, wishing he had remained in his mother’s womb until he died. Copan points out, rightly, that some jealousy is good. Presuppositionalism is a school of Christian apologetics that believes the Christian faith is the only basis for rational thought. It presupposes that the Bible is divine revelation and attempts to expose flaws in other worldviews. The latest installment is “Questioning Presuppositionalism” by Dr. Paul Copan, who raises four criticisms of presuppositionalism, one of which is the old canard that presuppositionalists engage in fallacious circular reasoning. Christian masters called Christian slaves “brothers” or “sisters.” The New Testament commanded masters to show compassion, justice, and patience. Paul Copan – Analytic Philosopher and Christian Apologist Paul Copan, born 1962, is an analytic philosopher, theologian, and apologist. Paul Copan on common ground Second, Christians share common ground with unbelievers, who are likewise made in God's image, which is not erased by the fall. His dissertation topic was "The Moral Dimensions of Michael Martin’s Atheology: A Critical Assessment."[3]. This form of Christian apologetics deals with presuppositions. As I see it, presuppositionalism has the following strengths: its emphasis on (a) the noetic influence of sin (sin’s effect on the mind); (b) the non-neutrality of worldviews (they are heart-commitments); and (c) the need for the Spirit’s work for faith to take root in one’s heart. He argues that presuppositionalism begs the question. Paul Copan helps us truly understand the world of the Old Testament and how it relates to us today." in philosophy of religion, as well as his M.Div. [12], Copan argues that the Biblical concept of slavery is misunderstood. Outrage indicates that we care and take injustice seriously." Philosopher Alvin Plantinga  describes the attitude of Reformed theologians toward theistic arguments as ranging from “indifference, through suspicion and hostility, to outright accusations of blasphemy.”. The Naturalistic Fallacy and Other Mistaken Arguments of Paul Copan (2000) In this response to Paul Copan, Martin revisits Copan's defense of the ontological foundation of theistic morality. By Scripture, of course!”. Presuppositionalism is common in Reformed circles. A presupposition is an assumption that is taken for granted. Copan attended Trinity International University, where he received his M.A. He also argues that the New Testament is not silent on the issue of slavery. While a philosophy and divinity student at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, I organized and moderated a debate between two of my professors—-philosopher Stuart Hackett and theologian Carl F. H. Henry. "Paul Copan on winning hearts, not arguments" A Christian philosophy professor talks about the real purpose of apologetics, by Warren Cole Smith WORLD News Group Did God Really Command Genocide? degree in biblical studies. Paul Copan has been answering questions like these for many years. In the last century, Christians debating the relationship between reason and faith have divided into sometimes warring camps of classical, evidential, and presuppositional apologetics. It begins with the assumption that God exists, and then concludes that God exists. This situation is made worse because some defenders of the Faith are labeled presuppositional but, in fact, aren’t. He is the author of many books, including Is God a Moral Monster? at Trinity International. Christian philosopher Mortimer Adler exemplifies having a sufficient intellectual knowledge that the Christian faith is true, but he did not yet put his trust in Christ for his salvation. He notes many other ancient Near East military accounts are full of bravado and exaggeration, depicting total devastation. Paul Copan and Matthew Flannagan Jonathan Petersen & Paul Copan, January 2015 Link He argues that atheists often slide into defending agnosticism when asked for reasons for their view. Copan uses Genesis 9:6 to make his point. For example, Frame asks: “Are we not still forced to say, ‘God exists (presupposition), therefore God exists (conclusion), and isn’t that argument circular?’” He answers, “Yes, in a way.”, Elsewhere he says, “If Scripture is the ultimate justification for all human knowledge, how should we justify our belief in Scripture itself? It assumes that God exists in order to argue that God exists. He is currently a professor at the Palm Beach Atlantic University. Instead, Christians can begin dialogues with non-Christians with common ground such as the law of non-contradiction. But we don’t want to stop at method, as if apologetics were just meant for the lab. If you’re wondering how these views relate, then this week’s series of five articles is for you. Someone Will Catechize Your Kids in 2021. It assumes that God exists in order to argue that God exists. Typically, these presuppositionalists (e.g., Bahnsen) avoid traditional cosmological (causal), teleological (design), and moral arguments, but they enthusiastically endorse the transcendental argument for God (TAG)—-the argument to show that God is the inevitable ground for all rational thought. Knowledge in one area does not exclude knowledge in another. Third, some (not all) presuppostionalists seem inconsistent about natural theology. Does Presuppositionalism Engage in Question-Beggin... Paul Copan on common ground Does presuppositionalism beg the question? Copan received the Prof. C.B. All Truth is God’s Truth! 36 talking about this. Jeremiah's desire was one of emotional outburst, and he did not sincerely believe what he said. He argues that such a position rigs the rules, since atheism is just as much a claim to knowledge as theism. [15], Copan is married to Jacqueline Mariette (van Tol) Copan, the daughter of Dutch parents, and they have six children. As the quote from Dr. Geisler indicates, the charge that presuppositionalists “confuse ontology and epistemology” is arguably just a variation of the old “presuppositionalism argues in a circle” or “presuppositionalism begs the He has written and edited over 25 books in the area of philosophy of religion, apologetics, theology, science & religion, and the historicity of Jesus Christ. Who, hyperbolically, threatens to shoot her husband if he were ever unfaithful University Florida. This week ’ s image that the books of Joshua and Judges are literarily connected, and.. 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