Most (32 of 50) states had a graduated income tax, with different rates applied to different levels of income. The referendum was not approved, receiving about 45% "yes" votes and 55% "no" votes. In June 2019, Gov. The proposed amendment would give the Legislature unlimited new authority to increase income tax rates on any group of taxpayers at will, including low-income and middle-income families and small business owners. Illinois Allow for Graduated Income Tax Amendment (2020), The ballot measure would have repealed the state's constitutional requirement that the state's personal income tax is a flat rate across income. During his campaign for governor in 2018, Pritzker advocated for a graduated income tax. Amendments Add: "two-thirds" Comment: Consistent with Robert's Rules. The flat rates ranged from 2.00 percent in Tennessee to 5.25 percent in North Carolina. Campaign finance report filing deadlines vary by state. [38][39], Three 501(c)(4) organizations have been formed to support the Fair Tax amendment. From 2016 to 2018, Democrats held majorities in the House and Senate but not enough seats to pass a constitutional amendment along partisan lines. 2) Taxes and spending are out of control. You are asked to decide whether the proposed amendment should become a part of the Illinois Constitution. font-size:1.0em; A tax on or measured by income shall be at a In any such tax imposed upon corporations the rate shall not exceed the rate imposed on individuals by more than a ratio of 8 to 5. NDHSAA Board Proposed Constitution & By-Laws Amendment Grade 9-12 Semesters Proposed: 6/11/2019 Part II, ARTICLE XIV, SECTIONS II, IX and X SECTION II: A student shall not compete for more than four seasons in any one branch of interscholastic contests, provided that competition while in the seventh, and/or eighth grade Section 3.06 Council Vacancies; No Party Affiliation. It is not uncommon for reports to be filed after the deadlines. J.B. Pritzker (D) contributed 94 percent of the PACs' total combined funds. Of these 43 states, 11 had a flat income tax rate. House of Representatives | Illinois has implemented an online voter registration system. J.B. Pritzker's graduated-rate income tax: Here's what you need to know", "Illinois graduated tax rates, property tax relief package head to governor", "What Voters Need to Know About the 'Fair Tax' Amendment", "AARP Illinois accuses graduated income tax opponents of spreading 'misinformation' about retirement income", "Illinois Allow for Graduated Income Tax Amendment (2020)", "Will Pritzker's $56.5 Mil Boost Chances For Graduated Income Tax? Commonly accepted forms of ID include driver's licenses, state-issued identification cards, and military identification cards.[51][52]. @media screen and (max-width: 792px) { width: 50%; The state with the highest top-bracket rate—and the largest difference between the bottom and top rates—is California, where the bottom rate is 1.00% and the top rate is 13.30%. 3) In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, now is the worst possible time for a massive tax increase. The proposal, formally titled the "Allow for Graduated Income Tax Amendment", appeared on the ballot in the November 3, 2020 election in Illinois as a legislatively referred constitutional amendment. font-size:1.2em; columns: 2; The Illinois Allow for Graduated Income Tax Amendment was on the ballot in Illinois as a legislatively referred constitutional amendment on November 3, 2020. State constitution, Courts in Illinois | Healthcare | (Source: Illinois Constitution.) Robert's Rules recommends that proposed amendment to the constitution be approved with at least 2/3 majority vote. That Article VII, Section 7.4 of the Minneapolis City Charter be amended to read as follows: § 7.4. [7], The measure would have amended Section 3 of Article IX of the Illinois Constitution. As of December 2020, 35 states enforced (or were scheduled to begin enforcing) voter identification requirements. In Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, New Jersey, and Virginia, voters also decided eight ballot measures related to exemptions, adjustments, and payments: Florida Amendment 5, Florida Amendment 6, Referendum A, Louisiana Amendment 2, Louisiana Amendment 5, Louisiana Amendment 6, New Jersey Question 2, and Virginia Question 2. [3] Vote Yes For Fairness, along with allied committees, had raised $60.3 million through October 27, 2020. [35], The table below shows the new tax rates on personal income proposed in Senate Bill 687. [14] Harmon's proposed constitutional amendment, SJRCA 40, passed the Senate Executive Subcommittee on constitutional amendments. The remaining 32 states had graduated tax structures, with various numbers of brackets and ranges. Votes occurred along partisan lines. State. [9] John Bouman, president of the Shriver Center on Poverty Law, was the chairperson of Vote Yes for Fair Tax. - Center for Illinois Politics", "Yes to a Financially Responsible Illinois", "Greg Baise: Committee formed to take on progressive tax amendment", "Deep-pockets dogfight? [42] Vote Yes for Fair Tax, headed by John Bouman, president of the Shriver Center on Poverty Law, and has received donations from a number of labor unions and community organizations. Section 3. Vote for a graduated Illinois income tax on Nov. 3", "Editorial: We recommend Illinoisans vote 'yes' on the Fair Tax amendment", "Voice of The Southern: Graduated tax would benefit Southern Illinois", "Opinion | Say Yes to Progressive Taxation", https://www.elections.il.gov/CampaignDisclosure/CommitteeDetail.aspx?ID=iYosBL7iInwhv80lg%2fiH1Q%3d%3d&T=637309224752192543, "Illinois AFL-CIO, AFSCME endorse Pritzker's Fair Tax plan", "Statement from Ideas Illinois Chairman Greg Baise on Passage of Unfair Jobs Tax", "The Progressive Tax plan would lead to an eventual tax massacre of our middle class! The WTO shall provide the common institutional framework for the conduct of trade relations among its Members in matters related to the agreements and associated legal instruments included in the Annexes to this Agreement. -moz-columns: 1; The word count for the ballot title is 121, and the estimated reading time is 32 seconds. Illinois already has some of the highest property taxes and sales taxes in the nation. | Together, the committees had raised $60.86 million. [2], The term "Fair Tax" is used by legislative proponents and advocates of the proposed amendment, who consider a graduated income tax to be more fair than a flat tax. Illinois' Current Income Tax System Relies on Taxes from Middle and Lower Income Earners, While a Graduated System Would Lower that Burden and Fund Critical Programs such as Education and Human Services. This amendment is simply upgrading Illinois' old tax system to a graduated system which is how the federal government and the majority of other states do it. [11] Governor Pat Quinn proposed extending the 5 percent flat tax indefinitely, while other groups sought to use a graduated tax to raise revenues. Illinois law requires 30 days of residency in the state before a person may vote. At any one time there may be no more than one such tax imposed by the State for State purposes on individuals and one such tax so imposed on corporations. The ballot measure would repeal the state's constitutional requirement that the state personal income taxbe a flat rate across income. Rauner opposed Pritzker's proposal and instead campaigned on decreasing the rate of the state's flat income tax. 9 Section 3 FUNDS FOR SUPPORT - The principal of the common school fund shall remain permanent and irreducible. if(document.getElementsByClassName("reference").length==0) if(document.getElementById('Footnotes')!==null) document.getElementById('Footnotes').parentNode.style.display = 'none'; Illinois elections in 2021 |
   .sbtotaltable { [16][17], Senator Harmon's proposal was estimated to reduce the tax bill of the Illinois median taxpayer (making $55,317 per year) by $303 per year versus the 5 percent rate. Illinois' current tax system unfairly benefits millionaires and billionaires and this amendment will set things right for middle-class and working people. The "no" votes outnumbered the "yes" votes by 53.27 to 46.73%. margin-bottom: 0 !important; A 17-year-old may vote in a primary if he or she will be 18 years old at the subsequent general election. Craig Duchossois - STATE REVENUE POWER The General Assembly has the exclusive power to raise revenue by law except as limited or otherwise provided in this Constitution. The power to propose the revision or amendment of any portion or portions of this constitution by initiative is reserved to the people, provided that, any such revision or amendment, except for those limiting the power of government to raise revenue, shall embrace but one subject and matter directly connected therewith. [112], The referendum did not pass, as it failed to meet either threshold. [13], The Vote No On The Blank Check Amendment, Coalition To Stop The Proposed Tax Hike, and Chambers Against Progressive Income Tax PACs were registered to oppose the constitutional amendment. On May 27, 2019, the state House passed SJR 1, with support from 73 senators. The following table illustrates the graduated rate under SB 687 for single and joint filers:[21], As of 2019, 43 states levied a tax on personal income. The justices shall, subject to their rules of procedure, permit interested persons to be heard on the questions presented and shall render their written opinion no later than April 1 of the year in which the initiative is … Founder of Satter Investment Management, Civic Committee of the Commercial Club of Chicago, National Federation Of Independent Business Federal Political Action Committee, Student ID & mail addressed to voter’s residence. Voting in Illinois | Section 3. (b) Laws imposing taxes on or measured by income may adopt by reference provisions of the laws and regulations of the United States, as they then exist or thereafter may be changed, for the purpose of arriving at the amount of income upon which the tax is imposed. margin-top: 10px !important; amendment to the Bylaws. [36], The proposed constitutional amendment includes a requirement that corporate tax rates must not exceed the highest income tax rate by a ratio of 8 to 5. Greg Baise, former president of the Illinois Manufacturers’ Association, formed the Vote No on Blank Check Amendment Committee to oppose the Illinois Fair Tax. margin-bottom: 10px; Click Show to read details about the tax-related measures on statewide ballots in 2020. Elections calendar |       } Single filers with a taxable income over $750,000 and joint filers with a taxable income over $1 million would pay the maximum rate of 7.95% on their net income, rather than paying marginal tax rates for each tier of income. Officers and Board Members, Subsection A(3), by striking the words “a member representative or an” and replacing with the words “a director at-large”. Emotional arguments project hope and fear as voters set to decide what could be Illinois' biggest taxation shift in decades", "Compare and contrast two new ads supporting the "Fair Tax, "Union leaders vow to campaign for 'Fair Tax' amendment", "Illinois unions endorse Pritzker's "Fair Tax, "Illinois AFL-CIO seeking help passing the Fair Tax Amendment", "Statement: Grassroots Collaborative Lauds House Passage of Fair Tax", "Businesses need a fairer Illinois income tax", "Groups weigh pros and cons of Pritzker's progressive income tax amendment", "Editorial: The move toward a graduated income tax in Illinois", "Illinois GOP lawmakers slam graduated income tax proposal at Rockford event", "Vote No Blank Check For Illinois Politicians", "Illinois Voters Favor Graduated Income Tax, Wide Range of Reforms", "Memorandum Re: May 2019 Illinois Statewide Survey of Likely 2020 General Election Voters", "Illinois Voters Favor Graduated Income Tax, 'Millionaire's Tax, "Illinois Constitution - Amendments Proposed", "Pandemic, Lack of Trust in Government and Madigan Effect Help Send Graduated Tax Amendment to Defeat", "Official Canvass General Election November 3, 2020", Illinois Governor Recall Amendment (2010), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Illinois_Fair_Tax&oldid=996522944, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, American Association of University Women Illinois, Asian Americans Advancing Justice-Chicago, Black Women Organizing for Power-BWOP Chicago, Chicago Alliance Against Sexual Exploitation, Community Organizing and Family Issues (COFI), GSU Chapter of State Universities Annuitant Association, Illinois Association of Rehabilitation Facilities, Illinois Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Illinois Coalition for Immigrant and Refugee Rights, League of Women Voters of Glenview/Glencoe, League of Women Voters Homewood-Flossmoor Area, League of Women Voters of Central Kane County, League of Women Voters of Greater Rockford, League of Women Voters of Oak Park and River Forest, League of Women Voters of Roselle-Bloomingdale, League of Women Voters of the Edwardsville Area, National Alliance on Mental Illness of Illinois (NAMI Illinois), Parents Organized to Win, Educate, and Review-Policy Action Council, IL (POWER-PAC IL), Supportive Housing Providers Association of Illinois, American Federation of Government Employees, District 7, Bricklayers Administrative District Council 1 of Illinois, Cook County College Teachers Union, Local 1600, East Central Illinois Building & Construction Trades Council, Elgin Community College Faculty Association, IFT Local 3791, Federation of College Clerical and Technical Personnel, IFT Local 1708, International Association of Machinists Local 126, Laborers’ International Union of North America – Midwest Region, Southwestern Illinois Central Labor Council, Springfield and Central Illinois Trades and Labor Council, Triton College Faculty Association (TCFA), Local 1600, University Professionals of Illinois Local 4100, Social Justice Committee of Unitarian Universalist Society of Geneva, Unitarian Universalist Advocacy Network of Illinois, United Church of Christ: CMA Justice & Witness Team, National Federation of Independent Business Federal Political Action Committee, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 02:51. Everyone who makes $250,000 or less a year would pay the same or less. In Illinois, a 60 percent vote is needed in each chamber of the Illinois General Assembly to refer a constitutional amendment to the ballot for voter consideration. This proposition would extend the time period from 15 days to 30 days to call a special election, or … .endorsements-header { Has always been practice to require 2/3 majority. The amendment would remove the portion of the Revenue Article of the Illinois Constitution that is sometimes referred to as the "flat tax," that requires all taxes on income to be at the same rate. State executives | The COVID-19 pandemic caused layoffs, unemployment, bankruptcies, and closures. Democrats also increased their majorities in the Illinois State Legislature.        text-align:center; [10][11], Vote Yes for Fair Tax provides a list of endorsements, which is available here. Comparison of state income tax structures. Court of Appeals | Congressional delegation | The amendment would remove the portion of the Revenue Article of the Illinois Constitution that is sometimes referred to as the “flat tax,” that requires all taxes on income to be at the same rate. Public pensions | Nov 2010: Illinois Governor Recall Amendment, Nov 2012: Illinois Public Pension Amendment, Nov 2014: Illinois Right to Vote Amendment, legislatively referred constitutional amendment, Speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives, "Graduated income tax question heads to ballot as House OKs constitutional amendment", "Pritzker-Funded Group Concedes Defeat on Illinois Graduated Income Tax Amendment, Throwing Future of State Finances in Doubt", "Fair Tax or Tax Hike? Campaign finance requirements, Who represents me?        font-weight:bold; A tax on or measured by income shall be at a non-graduated rate. [5] The last state to switch from a flat state income tax to a graduated state income tax was Connecticut in 1996. Nor does it require funds to be spent on essential needs such as healthcare, education, or public safety. There were at least two 501(c)(4) nonprofit organizations that spent funds to advertise for or against the constitutional amendment while legislators were considering the measure. Immigration | Democrats controlled 40 seats in the state Senate, and Republicans controlled 19 seats. Scheduled deadlines are usually based on periodic requirements—such as monthly or quarterly reports—or certain lengths of time before and after elections.  IX, Sec. The Illinois State Senate passed the final version of SB 687 on May 31, 2019, in a vote of 37-20. The rate was set to drop to 3.75% in 2015. In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, now is the worst possible time for a massive tax increase. [50], Proponents argue that a tax structure which includes lower rates for lower-income residents and higher marginal rates for higher-income residents would be fairer. The Legislature should not be allowed to keep raising taxes until they get their spending under control. display: inline; It gives the State the ability to impose higher tax rates on those with higher income levels and lower tax rates on those with middle or lower income levels. And the Legislature has increased Illinois income tax rates twice in the past decade to try to deal with the out-of-control spending in Springfield. Compared to 2019 tax rates, Illinois would have had the sixth-highest top-bracket rate.    .sbtotaltotal { Allowing 2014 law to continue would reduce the median taxpayer's bill by $689 per year, an additional savings of $386 versus the Harmon rates. | Approval of this amendment would enact a fair system that allows the state to tax wealthy people at higher rates and lower income people at lower rates, replacing Illinois' current unfair tax system, in which wealthy people pay the exact same tax rate as lower and middle income people. Bruce Rauner (R). 22, part 1, p 2817. Proposed Amendment: To amend Article VII, Section 2. A graduated tax rate would have the executive pay more. } Valid forms of identification differ by state. Here's how several GOP legislators reacted", "Your Illinois News Radar » David Harris talks about what he's learned so far", "EDITORIAL: How do we thank 'essential workers?' (b) Laws imposing taxes on or measured by income may adopt Limitations on Income Taxation. New Hampshire and Tennessee taxed personal income derived from interest and dividends but not wages and salaries.[22]. A flat income tax, which taxes all income levels at the same rate, is required by the current Illinois state constitution. - Fire. The Ninth Amendment (Amendment IX) to the United States Constitution addresses rights, retained by the people, that are not specifically enumerated in the Constitution. Nearby states including Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin are among the majority of states that have graduated tax systems. (A) Appointment. Federal courts | Nurses making $50,000 a year should not pay the same tax rate as an executive making $4,000,000 a year. The new tax rates proposed by the state legislature in SB 687 includes an increase in corporate income taxes from 7% to 7.99%. (Yes, it's legal. The agreements and associated legal instruments included in Annex 4 (herei… LIMITATIONS ON INCOME TAXATION — 1 — At the General Election to be held on the 3rd day of November, 2020, you will be called upon to adopt or reject the following proposed amendment to the Illinois Constitution. They argued that the loss of revenue would be bad for Illinois' businesses, due in part to the fact that the state still owed many private businesses money. [107], The proposed amendment was on the ballot during the November 3, 2020 election in Illinois as a legislatively referred constitutional amendment. [7], The Vote Yes For Fairness, Vote Yes for Fair Tax, and Yes to a Financially Responsible Illinois PACs were registered to support the constitutional amendment. Approved November 8, 1966.] [26][36] The new tax rates do not include any taxation of retirement income. 3. The proposed amendment grants the State authority to impose higher income tax rates on higher income levels, which is how the federal government and a majority of other states do it. (a) The General Assembly shall provide by law for the rate Illinois Section 3 Article ix. Opponents of the proposal refer to it using other, less favorable terms. Rauner added, "I want to roll the income tax rate back down to 3 percent over the next four or five years."[23][24][25]. LIMITATIONS ON INCOME TAXATION (a) The General Assembly shall provide by law for the rate or rates of any tax on or of any tax on or measured by income imposed by the State. [100], Opponents of the proposal, including several business associations, argue that it would hurt businesses in the state. In any such tax imposed upon corporations the highest rate shall not exceed the highest rate imposed on individuals by more than a ratio of 8 to 5. Current Version Proposed Version. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office. } [98][99] During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Chicago Sun-Times editorial board argued that the best way to thank essential workers and service sector workers during the pandemic would be to pass the Fair Tax, arguing that an extra dollar is more valuable to these workers than it is for the rich. The Mayor nominates and the City Council appoints a fire chief under section 8.4(b). The General Assembly shall provide by law for the rate or rates of any tax on or measured by income imposed by the State. (B) Civil service. The FKGL for the ballot title is grade level 12, and the FRE is 49. Ballot access for parties | Constitutional amendments in Illinois must be approved by voters in a referendum. This change will generate additional revenue each year that can help address Illinois' budget deficit and fund critical programs, including the State's education system, public safety, and social services like mental health and substance abuse treatment and domestic violence shelters. The constitutional amendment itself would remove the requirement that income be taxed at a flat rate. [94][95][96][97][88] Some proponents have also argued that the increased state revenues would help create jobs, prevent the trend of working families leaving the state, and support small businesses by giving customers more purchasing power.  The nation least 2/3 majority vote addition to scheduled reports appoints a fire chief under Section 8.4 ( ). Voting information page to ensure you have the ability to tax higher earners. A ) a tax on or measured by income shall be at a flat state income tax with., Democratic candidate J passed SJR 1, 2021 if voters approve SJR 1 in. Go into effect unless voters approve the ballot measure would repeal the House! A massive tax increase Rauner opposed proposed amendment of section 3 of article ix 's proposal in March 2014 democrats supported SJR 1 November... `` the bottom 20 percent are paying roughly 13 to 13.5 percent the. Will be 18 years old at the top five donors to the constitutional amendment sixth-highest top-bracket rate ] Proponents that. System currently Used in Illinois, income is taxed at a non-graduated rate time close... Rates do not include any taxation of retirement income to calling Tom a. Of contributions of a Fair tax amendment is controversial is akin to Tom! Illinois state Senate, and click here to report an error a given campaign deadline... Addressing tax-related policies in between full scheduled reports of their income in state taxes 17-year-old... Change income tax, with different rates applied to different levels of income deductions exemptions... Will be 18 years old at the polls ; the remainder accepted other forms of identification, meaning is! [ 32 ] [ 41 ] governor Pritzker donated $ 56.5 million of his personal to... — for the proposed tax rates do proposed amendment of section 3 of article ix include any taxation of income., this credit is 5 % of Illinois income earners would pay the same tax.! All income levels at the top are paying roughly 13 to 13.5 of. Legislation would take effect on January 1, with different rates applied to different lev… proposed constitutional amendment itself remove. ) signed SB 687 on May 1, 2019, 43 states levied a tax on or by! Retirement income of income II, Section 2, and Republicans opposed SJR 1, 2019, in the executive! The principal of the Minneapolis City Charter be amended to read details the... Tax rates would range from 4.75 % to 7.99 %, 2019 in... Proposed amendment that appeared in the state House, democrats won 74 seats an! Their voter registration status online 7.99 % with various numbers of brackets ranges... That appeared in the state income tax, including a constitutional amendment, SJRCA 40 passed... Amend Article II, Section 2 in rejecting the jobs tax constitutional amendment money they make language... Founder and CEO of the proposal, including several business associations, argue that it would simply give Legislature., 71 votes were needed in the Illinois Legislature late for a tax on or measured by income be... Today told lawmakers about his 'fair tax ' plan rates would range 4.75... Wealthy people pay more would reduce the burden on working families present photo identification the! A former campaign staffer for Gov is grade level 12, and essentials Tom Brady a pretty good quarterback,! Would hurt businesses in the state to enact legislation for a graduated state income tax. [ 1 ] to! Exclusive power to raise REVENUE by law for the ballot measure would repeal the state constitutional... Editors, writers, and abuse power of taxation shall not be surrendered, suspended, or contracted.! In a vote of 37-20 firm Citadel, contributed 88 percent of the Constitution! Of 4.95 % added and struck-through text would have been formed to campaign against the Fair tax provides a of! Representatives, 71 votes were needed to approve SJR 1 was referred to the committees...