However, in rural areas the only information given still might be the name of the village or parish. Neither of these indexes has links to digitised images. The way these are grouped may mean that a road is split over several folios with other streets in between. When searching All Records please provide at least the first 2 characters of a Surname eg sm* to find smith, smyth, smithy, etc. ‘Divorced’ was not an official category, and does not feature in the statistical tables, but does appear occasionally in this column in later census years. We do not provide copies of online records – please download to view, Visit us in Kew to see original documents or view online records for free, Consider paying for Census records allow you to view other family members who were present on the day of the census, typically these will be siblings or parents. Search and view the census returns for Scotland from 1841 to 1911 at Scotlandspeople (£). For more guidance on how to search our catalogue, read Discovery search help. Each piece represents an enumeration district, and instead of folio numbers, each household has a unique schedule number in the top right-hand corner, so that a reference will be in the format RG 14/26288 Sch 227. In every census year an enumerator delivered a form to each household in the country for them to complete. Search our blogs for posts relating to the census. View digitised and indexed images of the Census of Ireland 1901/1911 and Census fragments and substitutes, 1821-51 (including Northern Ireland) on the National Archives of Ireland website. Census name indexes and transcripts are available online. The 1939 Register is similar to but not the same as the census. From 1841 to 1901 the information from the schedules was then copied into enumeration books. Census records can provide the building blocks of your research. Elizabeth will find also find Elisabeth and Eliz 2. Apart from in Ireland (and few Ireland census records have survived) there was no attempt to record personal information. How the census was taken and on what dates, 4. Later, folio numbers were stamped on the top right corner of every right-hand page, starting at the beginning of the piece and continuing through all the enumeration books. We cannot be held responsible for the content of the many sites we link to. Street indexes were created for districts containing towns with a population of around 40,000 or more, from 1841 to 1901. You can use FreeCEN transcriptions to discover your ancestors' occupation, family history and household information. Transcripts are more detailed than indexes, and enable you to search across all the fields, such as occupation and address. A boarder is someone who resides within the household but is not a relative or servant, while a lodger only rents a room or rooms, but these terms are often used interchangeably. A note was made of buildings that were uninhabited, or under construction, in every census year. For quick pointersTuesday to Saturday One of the main sources of information available to genealogists is the census records which were taken every ten years in England and Wales. UK census records & electoral rolls. Census name indexes and transcripts are available online. Most genealogical records, such as births, marriages and deaths, focus almost exclusively on an individual, at one fixed moment in time. Indexes to the Scottish censuses 1841-1901 are also available on Ancestry.co.uk (£) and Findmypast.co.uk (£). However, you can view them free of charge on site at The National Archives in Kew, at many libraries and record offices and at FamilySearch Centres worldwide. Search Census & Voter Lists UK Census Collection UK Census Collection. UK Public Records Resources Looking for United Kingdom public records? Use Find an archive to find contact details for local and county record offices. research. The 1950 Census will be released in 2022. Each Registrar of Births and Deaths was responsible for a sub-district, which they divided into enumeration districts (EDs), and recruited enumerators for each ED. Everyone else, whether wife, son, servant or anyone else, should have been described in relation to this person, but this was not always followed accurately. This information is recorded every ten years, providing us with a dynamic narrative of our ancestors’ lives. Caernarfonshire, Wales (1 new census link added) 1871 Census of Llanbeblig Parish Images and indexes for all censuses since 1841 are available on both of these sites, and on a number of other commercial websites (£). This one was used for the 1861 census to record the crew of the HMS Beagle (catalogue reference RG 9/1085). However, a duplicate copy of the enumeration of HMS Cygnet in 1901 was sent to the General Register Office by the Admiralty and is included in RG 19/20. The books are all available in The National Archives’ reference library. A census name index is an index of names compiled from the census records, and enable you to search for a person by surname, forename and age. UK Census Online. However, less information was collected in 1841 than in later census years. UK census records reveal complete family groups — together with occupations, addresses and more — every ten years from the latest 1911 Census back to 1841. Some transcripts of census records covering England, Wales and Scotland are available free of charge on FreeCEN.org.uk. Deaf and Dumb 3. UK Census Records. Further Reading. Special schedules for vessels were introduced in 1851, although none are known to survive from that year, so in practice 1861 was the first year to include returns from the Royal Navy and merchant shipping, at sea and in ports at home and abroad. In 1911 the number of rooms is shown on all household schedules, and other information is in the Enumerators’ Summary Books, described in section 5, above. These are some of the most common terms and abbreviations found in the ‘Rank profession or occupation’ column: Annuitant – living on income from investments, FS, MS – used in the 1841 census for ‘female servant’ and ‘male servant’, FWK – also in 1841, for ‘framework knitter’ a common occupation in the East Midlands, Gentleman – Usually denotes someone living on an income from investments, or retired from business, but has no official definition, Ind or Independent – ‘Of independent means’, J – journeyman; someone who had completed an apprenticeship but was not a master with a business and apprentices of their own, Pensioner – usually means an army pensioner; other types of pensioner are generally identified as such, including Greenwich Pensioner (naval pensioner), police pensioner and so on. ... you will find some practical information about the 1921 census and an 1921 census substitute data which you can use to find out more about your ancestors in this period. Published on 24 March 2020. The 1841 census is considered to be the first modern UK census. If employed by a government, municipal or other public body, the name of that body. Some examples of plain searches (that is, without Soundex): 1. You can book a microfiche reader in advance. A census name index is an index of names compiled from the census records, and enable you to search for a person by surname, forename and age. 3. A page from the 1851 census. Consult The Online Historical Population Reports for online access to the complete population reports for Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1937 and extensive background information, including examples of documents. Sometimes the clerks in the Census Office altered or expanded these definitions to assign them to one of the categories in the Registrar General’s classification of occupations for that census year. Unoccupied houses and non-residential properties such as churches and factories are also listed. However, the original enumeration books for the town of Wrexham were discovered in a bookshop, and are now deposited in the Denbighshire Archives. This guide explains how to access the historical censuses from 1841 to 1911 and provides information on using the census returns of: All later censuses remain in the custody of the Office for National Statistics. Read section 11 for information on using census references. Genealogy at home: UK Census Records. The heads of household were instructed to give details of everyone who slept in that dwelling on census night, which was always a Sunday. The map was annotated for use by the registrars responsible for collecting the census returns for this district (catalogue reference RG 18/229). In three-generation families young children may be shown as ‘son’ or ‘daur’ (daughter) when they are really the grandchildren of the head. The census records (91KB pdf) from ‘Jock Tamson’s bairns: A history of the records of the General Register Office for Scotland' by Cecil Sinclair (Edinburgh, 2000). Census records offer us a wider perspective. This is particularly useful when a person can be found using a name search on one site, but not on another, due to differences in transcription. Therefore a series, piece and folio reference enables you to locate the correct pair of pages but a page number can be added to the reference to identify a single page, if required, as in this example from the 1891 census: The National Archives reference for this page, from the 1891 census, is RG 12/1822, Folio 156, Page 5. The forms completed by each household, known as schedules, were collected a few days later by the enumerator. In all census years except 1851 and 1911 the last entry in a building is indicated by a double oblique line //, and where there is more than one household within a building, they are separated by a single oblique line /. In England and Wales, the census is planned and carried out by the Office for National Statistics. They provide a detailed snapshot of the population and its characteristics, and underpin funding allocation to provide public services. The 1841 census was the first to list the names of every individual, which makes it the earliest useful census for family historians. There are some pages missing from all censuses, but 1861 has suffered most. If you have a full reference, you can use it to find a page on Ancestry.co.uk or on Findmypast.co.uk, even if you have obtained it from a different site, or from some other source. My Free Census is a census directory to help you find free England census records online. The books were then filmed in 1970 to prevent the increasing usage from destroying these fragile records. Unm, Un or U – unmarried (replaced by S for single from 1891). If you know that county that your ancestors were in, you are recommended to select the county from the County list in the menu below and the click on the Submit button. Census 2021 is a survey that gives us information about all the households in England ... We use cookies to collect information about how you use census.gov.uk. You may find the odd torn or damaged page but in general the records have survived in remarkable condition considering the heavy usage they have had. For the first time the household schedules were kept, instead of being copied into enumeration books. Genealogy data and information found online, should verified against original sources. Transcripts are more detailed than indexes, and enable you to search across all the fields, such as occupation and address. Census records of other countries. In addition to providing detailed information about national demographics, the results of the census play … The first four UK censuses, from 1801 to 1831, were largely a ‘head count’ to measure population growth. Read Local Census Listings or Pre-1841 Censuses and Population Listings in the British Isles for more information. The following information on individuals is included in each census year as follows: As 1851 and 1861, except for the following difference: As 1871 and 1881 with the following extra details on employment: As 1891, with occupation details changed to: In 1911 all the household schedules were kept, for the first time, (see RG 14), and were not copied into enumeration books. The census can provide the full name, exact age, relationship to head of household, sex, occupation, parish and county of birth, medical disabilities and employment status of an individual. Read section 5 for details of the information recorded in each census year. 2. Not only will you find the index to your ancestor’s records but an image as well. The 1841 census is considered to be the first modern UK census. Each book then contains its own series of folio numbers. Alexander wil… New census links added to the Census Finder directory: The following links will take you to the directory page where the links to new census records online may be found. Then fill in the gaps with electoral rolls and poll books. Use FreeCEN to access 19th Century UK Censuses online and for free. Records Search Census & Electoral Rolls UK Census Collection UK Census Collection. Watch the video Census records: an introduction, by Audrey Collins. If born elsewhere in the British Empire, the colony or dependency, and the state or province. Many local and county record offices also hold microfilm or microfiche copies of the census returns for their own area, excluding 1911. Because of a 72-year restriction on access to the Census, the most recent year available is 1940. Each piece in 1841 is further divided into books, so a full reference needs to include a book number after the piece number, for example HO 107/1298/8. 1921 Census. Historic census forms from 1841-1911 are available to view free on site at the National Archives in Kew (http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/). For 1871 census registration district maps see Cassinimaps.co.uk (£). Report a Problem. Discovery is a catalogue of archival records across the UK and beyond, from which you can search 32 million records. Exact addresses were not required in 1841, only ‘place’. For more information on the 1939 Register, please read the guide on the 1939 Register. Census records were taken every 10 years from 1841, so there are census record searches for the years 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901 and 1911. Example of a census form for vessels. the Your Archives pages now held in the UK Government Web Archive. In addition, a search for Elizabeth, say, will also find forenames that include Elizabeth, such as Elizabeth Jane and Mary Elizabeth. 1901 Census Online. Read our blog post ‘Missing from the census?’ or watch our webinar, also called ‘Missing from the census?’, to discover how information can be missed or altered, as well as to learn tips for more successful searching. There are no surviving records for Royal Navy ships in foreign waters in 1891. Although the original census schedules were destroyed many years ago, the books were kept and eventually moved to the PRO Kew (now known as The National Archives). You can also use the Soundex option to find misspelt variations on a name. Visit The National Archives’ bookshop for a range of publications relating to census records. Statistics on coverage are listed, by county, on their website. Numbers in the left-hand column are schedule numbers, and should not be mistaken for house numbers. Coincident full censuses have taken place in the different jurisdictions of the United Kingdom every ten years since 1801, with the exceptions of 1941 and Ireland in 1921. This page, from the enumeration books, shows part of the head count at Buckingham Palace (catalogue reference HO 107/1478). United Kingdom Census Records You can search by name, browse by place, or locate an exact page if you have the full census reference. Imbecile or Idiot 4. Search for records of your ancestors. v3.0, vessels in English and Welsh ports and inland waterways from 1861 onwards, age (rounded down to the nearest five years for those aged 15 or over), whether they were born in the county where they were enumerated (Y or N), whether they were born in Scotland (S), Ireland (I) or Foreign Parts (P), first name, middle names (often just initials) and surname, relationship to the head of the household, where born – county and parish if born in England or Wales, country only if born outside England and Wales), the last column now reads: 1. Millions of people are searching for information online. 1911 was the first census where the British Army overseas was enumerated; previously there was only a headcount. Once the enumeration books had been completed, most household schedules were destroyed, although there are some rare survivals. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve our services. Online versions for the street indexes for 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871 and 1891 are preserved in the UK Government Web Archive. For anyone born outside England and Wales, whether they were resident or visitor in the country. From 1891 onwards there are separate sections for a description of the boundaries of the ED, and for a list of the streets or dwellings included. The object of the census was not to obtain detailed information about individuals, but to provide information about the population as a whole; listing everyone by name, wherever they happened to be on a single night, was the most efficient way to count everybody once, and nobody twice. They will remain closed to the public for 100 years after the date they were conducted. Please go to our Useful Websites - Census page for links to the census records of other countries. As the new king, he wanted an accounting of land owners who held lands belonging to the crown along with the number of owned livestock. Search engines on websites vary, and they can also change over time, but the original National Archives references never change. Censuses were also taken in many British colonies on the same dates as in the United Kingdom. Look under the state or county heading to find the links. If you’re a people person, have great customer service skills and want to be part of something that affects all of us, then apply for a job with the census.. For Census 2021, we’ll be hiring at least 30,000 field staff across England and Wales. The National Archives has the census schedules on microfilm available from Filling out the form below will help us to understand the problem you’re experiencing and contact you as we work to address the issue. Parish and county of birth for anyone born in the UK (which included all of Ireland). Although most people now access the census online, and not on microfilm, census references are still very useful. In the Infirmity column, the age at which the person had become afflicted. The first complete census in England was conducted in 1086 under William the Conqueror who was the first Norman King of England. In the earlier years the amount of detail varies; they could contain a list of streets, and describe the route taken by the enumerator, but in rural areas the description might simply read ‘The whole of the parish of …’. The department and series codes for each census year are: A piece may contain hundreds of pages, so extra information is required to find the right place within a piece. Links to our official partner websites, Ancestry and Findmypast, for each census (£) are listed in the table below. An indexed transcript has been published by the Clwyd Family History Society, and a copy is available at The National Archives. Where to access and how to search the censuses, 7. The Superintendent Registrar was responsible for collecting the returns from each Registrar of Births and Deaths in their registration district, and sending them to the Census Office in London. What is the census and why was it compiled? The enumerator then collected the census schedules and these were copied into census enumerators' books. Elsewhere in the UK, responsibility lies with the National Records of Scotland and the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. These censuses will only be available 100 years after the date they were conducted. Use the keyword ‘missing’ to search within series RG 9 in our catalogue. As well as their occupation, the industry in which the person was employed. Subscribe now for regular news, updates and priority booking for events.Sign up, All content is available under the Open Government Licence William will also find Wm 3. You can use The National Archives catalogue to find out which parishes or districts are known to be missing from the 1861 census. You will also find some practical information about the UK census and how to use it to research your family history. Statistics on coverage are listed, by county, on their website. In 1851 a line is ruled across the page at the end of a building, or half-way across the page between households within a building. You can also identify pages which are known to be missing within some enumeration districts by using the exact phrase ‘missing pages’ within RG 9. There are free indexes to all of these census returns at FamilySearch.org, with links to the images on Findmypast (£). Our search will find some variations and abbreviations of a forename automatically. The extra refererence is a folio number and (optionally) a page number. These summary books are the only place you will find a description of each building such as ‘House and shop’, ‘Hotel’, ‘Private house’. Toggle navigation. Browse Vision of Britain for reports based on information from censuses up to 1971, or search for census data relating to a town or district. One record set that many people find useful in tracing their British Ancestry are the UK Census records. Transcripts are more detailed than indexes, and enable you to search across all the fields, such as occupation and address. It is the enumeration books that we consult today online or on microfilm. Census records for Hull and Sculcoates 1841-1901 are also available to view on microfilm, searchable by address only. London Census name indexes and transcripts 1841-1911 are available online. In 1901 Royal Navy ships in foreign waters are listed alphabetically, and there are no returns for ships between HMS Amphion and HMS High Flyer. There are many reasons that explain why you might not find somebody in the census. Censuses then go back every 10 years until 1841, which was the first to ask for personal information. Use section 11 to determine which National Archives record series to search within and search using the word ‘missing’. Generally, therefore, pre-1841 census records are of … Both Ancestry.co.uk and Findmypast.co.uk offer an exact reference search facility for each census year. The General Register Office was responsible for taking the census, so it used the administrative framework already in place for the registration of births, marriages and deaths. When searching Census please provide at least the first 2 characters of … In 1891 and 1901 the number of rooms in a dwelling was listed, if fewer than five. The dates of the censuses were as follows: In the censuses of 1801, 1811, 1821 and 1831 lists of names were not collected centrally, although some are held in local record offices. People are looking for many things including information about their lost family, relatives, ancestors or family lineage. The census records which have been published relate to the occupants of each household on the date given below: United Kingdom Census 1801 - Tuesday, 10 March United Kingdom Census 1811 - Monday, 27 May United Kingdom Census 1821 - Monday, 28 May Introduction. Printed copies of the 1841, 1881 and 1901 street indexes are available in the reading rooms at The National Archives. However, this is yet another paid service where you can choose from a monthly, quarterly, 6 monthly or a yearly membership. There are instead enumerators’ summary books which list every address, including unoccupied buildings, and the only names they contain are those of the head of each household (see RG 78). You can visit our Census FAQ page to see what information is available. Case Study. 10. A census is a complete population count for a given area or place taken on a specific date. Please note that the limitations of the software that captures website content means that some links within archived web pages do not work. Census of settlers and convicts in New South Wales and Tasmania 1828 in, Census (of the white population only) of Barbados 1715 in CO 28/16, Census of Sierra Leone: ‘population and liberated Africans’ 1831 in CO 267/111. Other lists were sometimes compiled, for a variety of reasons, which are often referred to as census ‘substitutes’. In this case the street indexes should list a series of folio references. You may find census references quoted in books and articles, and you will also need to know how to use them if you are consulting our online and hard-copy street indexes (see section 4.2). Later census years have more information, and each year gives a wonderful snapshot of the family. You can start your Census records search with only the name of your relative or ancestor, and hopefully the state he or she resided in The first Federal Population Census was taken in 1790, and has been taken every ten years since. Addresses, houses and other buildings in the census. Since folio numbers appear only on alternate pages, each folio represents the page where it appears and the following page. UK census records are available to search on Ancestry and Findmypast at the Hull History Centre for free with a Library ticket. From 1851, householders were asked to give more precise details of the places of birth of each resident, to state their relationship to him or her, marital status and the nature of any disabilities from which they may have suffered. 11. Find your ancestors in the census with the free search available on our website. A census has been taken in England and Wales, and separately for Scotland, every ten years since 1801, with the exception of 1941. Read about the fire that destroyed the 1931 Census for England and Wales, Channel Islands and Isle of Man. Special enumeration books were completed for institutions such as workhouses, barracks and hospitals in every census year from 1851, including 1911. A census is a statistical count of the population of a country taken for the purpose of accurate government representation, tax collection and military purposes. Blind 2. The United Kingdom conducted a census every 10 years from 1841-1911. A census name index is an index of names compiled from the census records, and enable you to search for a person by surname, forename and age. Click a region on the map to begin. Unfortunately, the 1931 census for England and Wales was destroyed by fire in 1942, and no census was taken in 1941 because of the Second World War. As with the 1861 census, you can use our catalogue to search the record series for any other census year to find out about whole parishes or districts that are known to be missing, but compared to 1861 there is less detail about odd missing pages. However later census years contain the most thorough information, with marital status and relationship to the head of the household introduced as categories from 1851 onward. Added May 31, 2015. Surviving records of these will normally be found in the country of origin, and not in The National Archives. They reveal where our ancestors were living and disclose personal details of who they were living with. For married women only, the number of years of their present marriage, the number of children born of that marriage, the number still living, and the number that had died. Working on the census Applying for jobs. Nationality of anyone born overseas whether British by parentage, British by naturalisation (including year of naturalisation) or, if a foreign national, of which country. Census records are unrivalled in the breadth of information they contain. v3.0, except where otherwise stated. Simultaneous censuses were taken in the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man: returns were archived with those of England. Home. 1911 Census Online. From 1851 to 1901 a census entry for a new household is indicated by a new schedule number. Unfortunately, few 19th-century Irish census returns have survived; most were lost when the Public Record Office was destroyed in the fire at the Four Courts in Dublin 1922. Lunatic, whether Employer, Employed, or Neither Employer nor Employed. From 1851 an exact address was required, including the house name or number, if any. Due to the difficulties of collecting enumeration books from ships in distant ports, shipping returns are likely to be incomplete. The 1921 UK Census. Forenames have been transcribed as recorded by the Enumerator. There were specific instructions on recording extra details for several occupations; notably the professions, the armed forces, public servants and anyone involved in agriculture or manufacturing. The 1911 census was taken on the 2nd April and contains millions more records than the previous 1901 census. The first page of each enumeration book contains a description of the area covered. You will also find some practical information about the UK census and how to use it to research your family history. Each householder was required to complete a census schedule giving the address of the household, the names, ages, sex, occupations and places of birth of each individual residing in his or her accommodation. Each piece contains several enumeration books with numbered pages. ‘Son (or daughter)-in-law’ can mean a stepchild, as well as the husband or wife of the head’s own children. Family History. 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